What are the risks of skiing ? How to avoid them ?

In general, skiing is quite safe, but it does carry some risks if you are unlucky and are not serious on snowy hills. If you go out skiing on snowy mountains without good preparation, you are at more risk of injury, falling, and collision. So it’s very important to go out with proper preparation including proper clothes, good-conditioned equipment, weather condition, strictly following the instructor’s advice, always wear a helmet, etc. to minimize the risk of any injury.

Before heading towards the ways to avoid the risks, let’s just discuss some of the most common risks of skiing, which are as follows:

  • Collide with trees or rocks
  • Getting hit with or by other skiers
  • Falling due to improper equipment
  • May lose track if not able to control the speed

This hitting and falling in snowy mountains can sometimes cause serious damage like:

HEAD INJURY: Chances of head injury are more when you go out skiing without head protection. If you’ll not be able to control your speed, then your chances of rolling on the snow and colliding with objects (like trees, rocks, etc.) increases. Now if you go skiing without a helmet, there is more chance of a head injury, which actually becomes very serious. Even if you are an expert, must wear a helmet while skiing for the protection of your head.

FRACTURE: Skiing needs proper technique to start, stop, take moves, or perform stunts with your skies. But as you want to go out from your ability and try to perform stunts without learning it from the instructor, then sudden falling can cause a fracture on your leg or on your hands. To avoid this, always ski under your ability.

BONE TWIST: Bone twisting and ligament tearing are the most common injury while skiing. This is mainly due to sudden falling due to imbalance and getting hit with or by the skiers. Just learn to maintain balance and to control your skies. And always stop where you are easily visible to others and never ski very close to some other skier.

SNOW BLINDNESS: If you go out skiing on a sunny day without any goggles, then you are at more risk of blurred vision, called snow blindness. Snow-blindness is temporary and mainly due to over-exposure to the sunlight. This snow-blindness can increase your risk of collision or hit due to blurred vision. Due to this, it’s really important to go skiing while putting on your ski goggles.

FROSTBITE: The skin or the tissues freeze due to extreme cold weather is called a frozen bite. A frozen bite can stiff your hands and feet so that it gets difficult for you to move them. This is mainly caused if you go skiing without proper gloves and socks. So, do wear proper waterproof gloves and socks, which make you warm, comfortable, and dry.

HYPOTHERMIA: Hypothermia is when the body’s temperature going down quickly, which causes shivering, dizziness, confusion, rapid breathing, etc. This is mainly caused due to prolonged exposure in extreme cold conditions and not wearing proper clothing to keep yourself warm in this extremely cold climate condition. It can extremely affect you if not taken seriously. Just cover yourself properly and wear in layers with the topmost layer of the jacket to keep yourself warm and cozy and better to have something warm like tea or coffee in-between your skiing sessions.

AVALANCHES: Avalanches are a natural condition when the snow suddenly slides down the mountains. It can happen at any mountain/hill, but some areas are more prone to avalanches. If you are skiing and suddenly avalanches take place, they can even bury you under snow and cause death. As such, there is no way to prevent yourself. But avoid going skiing during the time of the year when the mountains are more prone to avalanches and better to choose safe slopes for skiing.

SNOW IMMERSION SUFFOCATION (SIS): SIS happens when accidentally you fall in the tree well and snow immersion area i.e. you get trapped, stiffed, difficult to move, and get suffocated. If you fall in such areas, it gets difficult for you to come out from that area by yourself and need someone’s else help to save you. Just be aware of such surroundings and avoid skiing near trees or other objects and good to ski with your partner and keep watching your partner.


It’s very important to go out with proper preparation and do take proper lessons of skiing. With little precaution and preparation, you are all safe. Now, let’s discuss some common tips which help you to avoid the risks of skiing, which are as follows:

  • Lack of skiing technique will increase your chances of collision and falling, so learn the basic skills of skiing for your’s and other’s safety.
  • It’s really important to learn to control the speed i.e. when and how to increase the speed and when you need to slow down.
  • While skiing, do take breaks in-between is very essential. That is, have some water and snacks to replenish your energy, so that to avoid the risk of falling or hitting due to dizziness or tiredness.
  • When there are foggy weather and snowfall right there, it gets difficult to see other skiers and some other objects in-between your track, so chances of collision increase. Better to avoid skiing in such weather conditions.
  • It’s really important to get to know about your trail so that you’ll remain in the safe zone while skiing.
  • If you are not feeling well, so you’ll not be able to ski with full attentiveness, which increases your chances of falling or hitting. So, it’s good to stay in your room and avoid skiing for that day.
  • Going alone for skiing is not a safe option, because in case any mishappening happens, nobody knows where you are and get difficult to get help. So it’s always suggested to go with someone.
  • As it’s too cold out there, so always wear layered clothing and proper gloves, socks, and headgear, to protect yourself from frozen hands/legs and frostbite.

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